Project Name Viral and Microbial Metagenomes from Salterns of Differing Salinities 
Domains (2) bacteria, viruses
Investigators (1)
Institution San Diego State University
Project Code CAM_PROJ_SalternMetagenome
Project Type metagenome
Publications (1)


Microbial activities shape the biogeochemistry of the planet1,2 and macroorganism health3. Determining the metabolic processes performed by microbes is important both for understanding and for manipulating ecosystems (for example, disruption of key processes that lead to disease, conservation of environmental services, and so on). Describing microbial function is hampered by the inability to culture most microbes and by high levels of genomic plasticity. Metagenomic approaches analyse microbial communities to determine the metabolic processes that are important for growth and survival in any given environment. Here we conduct a metagenomic comparison of almost 15 million sequences from 45 distinct microbiomes and, for the first time, 42 distinct viromes and show that there are strongly discriminatory metabolic profiles across environments. Most of the functional diversity was maintained in all of the communities, but the relative occurrence of metabolisms varied, and the differences between metagenomes predicted the biogeochemical conditions of each environment. The magnitude of the microbial metabolic capabilities encoded by the viromes was extensive, suggesting that they serve as a repository for storing and sharing genes among their microbial hosts and influence global evolutionary and metabolic processes.


No assemblies.


Sample Name PI Desc
SALTERNMETAGENOME_SMPL_CFLUNGSDPAT001VIR050506 NA CFLungSDPat001Vir050506
SALTERNMETAGENOME_SMPL_FISHHEALGUTKENTSTMIC050406_SRX000225 NA FishHealGutKentSTMic050406
SALTERNMETAGENOME_SMPL_FISHHEALSLIMKENTSTMIC050406_SRX000227 NA FishHealSlimKentSTMic050406
SALTERNMETAGENOME_SMPL_FISHHEALSLIMKENTSTVIR050406_SRX000231 NA FishHealSlimKentSTVir050406
SALTERNMETAGENOME_SMPL_FISHMORGUTKENTSTMIC050406_SRX000226 NA FishMorGutKentSTMic050406
SALTERNMETAGENOME_SMPL_FISHMORGUTKENTSTVIR050406_SRX000230 NA FishMorGutKentSTVir050406
SALTERNMETAGENOME_SMPL_FISHMORSLIMKENTSTMIC050406_SRX000228 NA FishMorSlimKentSTMic050406
SALTERNMETAGENOME_SMPL_FISHMORSLIMKENTSTVIR050406_SRX000232 NA FishMorSlimKentSTMic050406
SALTERNMETAGENOME_SMPL_HEALSPUTSDVIR070706 NA HealSputSDVir070706
SALTERNMETAGENOME_SMPL_HIGHSALTERNSDBAYMIC200407 NA HighSalternSDbayMic200407
SALTERNMETAGENOME_SMPL_HIGHSALTERNSDBAYMIC20051128 NA HighSalternSDbayMic20051128
SALTERNMETAGENOME_SMPL_HIGHSALTERNSDBAYVIR20051116 NA HighSalternSDbayVir20051116
SALTERNMETAGENOME_SMPL_HIGHSALTERNSDBAYVIR20051128 NA HighSalternSDbayVir20051128
SALTERNMETAGENOME_SMPL_HIGHSALTERNSDBAYVIR20051207 NA HighSalternSDbayVir20051207
SALTERNMETAGENOME_SMPL_LOWSALTERNSDBAYMIC200407 NA LowSalternSDbayMic200407
SALTERNMETAGENOME_SMPL_LOWSALTERNSDBAYMIC20051110 NA LowSalternSDbayMic20051110
SALTERNMETAGENOME_SMPL_LOWSALTERNSDBAYMIC20051128 NA LowSalternSDbayMic20051128
SALTERNMETAGENOME_SMPL_LOWSALTERNSDBAYVIR200407 NA LowSalternSDbayVir200407
SALTERNMETAGENOME_SMPL_LOWSALTERNSDBAYVIR20051110 NA LowSalternSDbayVir20051110
SALTERNMETAGENOME_SMPL_LOWSALTERNSDBAYVIR20051128 NA LowSalternSDbayVir20051128
SALTERNMETAGENOME_SMPL_MEDSALTERNSDBAYMIC20051110 NA MedSalternSDbayMic20051110
SALTERNMETAGENOME_SMPL_MEDSALTERNSDBAYMIC20051111 NA MedSalternSDbayMic20051111
SALTERNMETAGENOME_SMPL_MEDSALTERNSDBAYMIC20051116 NA MedSalternSDbayMic20051116
SALTERNMETAGENOME_SMPL_MEDSALTERNSDBAYMIC20051128 NA MedSalternSDbayMic20051128
SALTERNMETAGENOME_SMPL_MEDSALTERNSDBAYVIR20051110 NA MedSalternSDbayVir20051110
SALTERNMETAGENOME_SMPL_MEDSALTERNSDBAYVIR20051111 NA MedSalternSDbayVir20051111
SALTERNMETAGENOME_SMPL_MEDSALTERNSDBAYVIR20051116 NA MedSalternSDbayVir20051116
SALTERNMETAGENOME_SMPL_MEDSALTERNSDBAYVIR20051122 NA MedSalternSDbayVir20051122
SALTERNMETAGENOME_SMPL_MEDSALTERNSDBAYVIR20051128 NA MedSalternSDbayVir20051128
SALTERNMETAGENOME_SMPL_MOSQDIGSDVIR060606 NA MosqDigSDVir060606
SALTERNMETAGENOME_SMPL_MOSQIISDVIR060606 NA MosqIISDVir060606
SALTERNMETAGENOME_SMPL_MOSQISDVIR01252006 NA MosqISDVir01252006


Type Location
Meta  /iplant/home/shared/imicrobe/projects/58/CAM_PROJ_SalternMetagenome.csv
Meta  /iplant/home/shared/imicrobe/projects/58/sample-attr.tab
Reads  /iplant/home/shared/imicrobe/projects/58/CAM_PROJ_SalternMetagenome.read.fa
Reads  /iplant/home/shared/imicrobe/projects/58/samples/1208/SALTERNMETAGENOME_SMPL_FISHHEALGUTKENTSTMIC050406_SRX000225.fa
Reads  /iplant/home/shared/imicrobe/projects/58/samples/1209/SALTERNMETAGENOME_SMPL_FISHHEALSLIMKENTSTMIC050406_SRX000227.fa
Reads  /iplant/home/shared/imicrobe/projects/58/samples/1210/SALTERNMETAGENOME_SMPL_FISHHEALSLIMKENTSTVIR050406_SRX000231.fa
Reads  /iplant/home/shared/imicrobe/projects/58/samples/1211/SALTERNMETAGENOME_SMPL_FISHMORGUTKENTSTMIC050406_SRX000226.fa
Reads  /iplant/home/shared/imicrobe/projects/58/samples/1212/SALTERNMETAGENOME_SMPL_FISHMORGUTKENTSTVIR050406_SRX000230.fa
Reads  /iplant/home/shared/imicrobe/projects/58/samples/1213/SALTERNMETAGENOME_SMPL_FISHMORSLIMKENTSTMIC050406_SRX000228.fa
Reads  /iplant/home/shared/imicrobe/projects/58/samples/1214/SALTERNMETAGENOME_SMPL_FISHMORSLIMKENTSTVIR050406_SRX000232.fa
Reads  /iplant/home/shared/imicrobe/projects/58/samples/1216/SALTERNMETAGENOME_SMPL_HIGHSALTERNSDBAYMIC200407.fa
Reads  /iplant/home/shared/imicrobe/projects/58/samples/1217/SALTERNMETAGENOME_SMPL_HIGHSALTERNSDBAYMIC20051128.fa
Reads  /iplant/home/shared/imicrobe/projects/58/samples/1218/SALTERNMETAGENOME_SMPL_HIGHSALTERNSDBAYVIR20051116.fa
Reads  /iplant/home/shared/imicrobe/projects/58/samples/1219/SALTERNMETAGENOME_SMPL_HIGHSALTERNSDBAYVIR20051128.fa
Reads  /iplant/home/shared/imicrobe/projects/58/samples/1220/SALTERNMETAGENOME_SMPL_HIGHSALTERNSDBAYVIR20051207.fa
Reads  /iplant/home/shared/imicrobe/projects/58/samples/1221/SALTERNMETAGENOME_SMPL_LOWSALTERNSDBAYMIC200407.fa
Reads  /iplant/home/shared/imicrobe/projects/58/samples/1222/SALTERNMETAGENOME_SMPL_LOWSALTERNSDBAYMIC20051110.fa
Reads  /iplant/home/shared/imicrobe/projects/58/samples/1223/SALTERNMETAGENOME_SMPL_LOWSALTERNSDBAYMIC20051128.fa
Reads  /iplant/home/shared/imicrobe/projects/58/samples/1224/SALTERNMETAGENOME_SMPL_LOWSALTERNSDBAYVIR200407.fa
Reads  /iplant/home/shared/imicrobe/projects/58/samples/1225/SALTERNMETAGENOME_SMPL_LOWSALTERNSDBAYVIR20051110.fa
Reads  /iplant/home/shared/imicrobe/projects/58/samples/1226/SALTERNMETAGENOME_SMPL_LOWSALTERNSDBAYVIR20051128.fa
Reads  /iplant/home/shared/imicrobe/projects/58/samples/1227/SALTERNMETAGENOME_SMPL_MEDSALTERNSDBAYMIC20051110.fa
Reads  /iplant/home/shared/imicrobe/projects/58/samples/1228/SALTERNMETAGENOME_SMPL_MEDSALTERNSDBAYMIC20051111.fa
Reads  /iplant/home/shared/imicrobe/projects/58/samples/1229/SALTERNMETAGENOME_SMPL_MEDSALTERNSDBAYMIC20051116.fa
Reads  /iplant/home/shared/imicrobe/projects/58/samples/1230/SALTERNMETAGENOME_SMPL_MEDSALTERNSDBAYMIC20051128.fa
Reads  /iplant/home/shared/imicrobe/projects/58/samples/1231/SALTERNMETAGENOME_SMPL_MEDSALTERNSDBAYVIR20051110.fa
Reads  /iplant/home/shared/imicrobe/projects/58/samples/1232/SALTERNMETAGENOME_SMPL_MEDSALTERNSDBAYVIR20051111.fa
Reads  /iplant/home/shared/imicrobe/projects/58/samples/1233/SALTERNMETAGENOME_SMPL_MEDSALTERNSDBAYVIR20051116.fa
Reads  /iplant/home/shared/imicrobe/projects/58/samples/1234/SALTERNMETAGENOME_SMPL_MEDSALTERNSDBAYVIR20051122.fa
Reads  /iplant/home/shared/imicrobe/projects/58/samples/1235/SALTERNMETAGENOME_SMPL_MEDSALTERNSDBAYVIR20051128.fa