Project Name Global Ocean Sampling Expedition (GOS) 
Domains (4) bacteria, viruses, eukarya, archaea
Investigators (1)
Institution J. Craig Venter Institute
Project Code CAM_PROJ_GOS
Project Type metagenome
Publications (1)


The broad objective of the global ocean sampling expedition is to expand our understanding of the microbial world by studying the gene complement of marine microbial communities. Marine microbes influence the cycling of carbon (and other elements) in the world's oceans, acting as a biological conduit that transports carbon dioxide from the surface to the deep oceanic realms. By sequestering carbon from the atmosphere, marine microorganisms (eukaryotes, prokaryotes and viruses) may significantly affect global climate. How they do so, however, is poorly understood, and our attempts to study their activities are limited by our inability to culture the vast majority of them. One avenue of exploration is to sequence the genomes of marine microbes using a metagenomics approach. In Spring of 2003, the J. Craig Venter Institute conducted a whole environment shotgun sequencing project to study marine microorganisms in the nutrient-poor Sargasso Sea near Bermuda. This study revealed an unforeseen breadth and depth of microbial diversity - about 1,800 different microbial species encoding over 1.2 million genes were discovered, nearly doubling the number of prokaryotic genes available in public databases. Notably, this study expanded our knowledge of ocean photobiology and nutrient pools. Results from the pilot study were reported in Science in 2004. This pilot study served as the springboard for launching a more comprehensive survey of the bacterial, archaeal and viral diversity of the world's oceans. A global circumnavigation aboard the Sorcerer II sailing yacht began in August 2003, starting in Halifax, Canada and samples were collected at sites along the U.S. east coast, Gulf of Mexico, Galapagos Islands, central and south Pacific Oceans, Australia, Indian Ocean, South Africa, across the Atlantic back to the U.S., and was completed in January 2006. An initial analysis of the microbial data from the first leg of the trip - Halifax to the Galapagos Islands - was reported in PLoS Biology in March 2007. Shotgun sequencing and deep sequencing of 16S and 18S rRNA continued on the samples from the Pacific and Indian Ocean during 2007 and 2008. JCVI released 2.4 million shotgun sequence reads to NCBI and CAMERA during April 2008. These studies have produced the largest catalogue of genes to date from thousands of new species, with no apparent slowing of the rate of discovery (i.e., attaining saturation of data). These data have potentially far-reaching implications for biological energy production, bioremediation, and creating solutions for reduction/management of greenhouse gas levels in our biosphere. For more information, see the J.Craig Venter Institute's Global Ocean Sampling Project. Questions regarding the GOS dataset can be directed to gosdata@jcvi.org. The GOS data is also available through NCBI . JCVI has had many requests for GOS materials (clones, templates, DNA). Unfortunately, managing this large collection of materials is an expensive endeavor, and JCVI is not curently equipped to provide this service. JCVI is exploring the possibility of a 3rd party taking on this role, but there are no definitive plans as of yet.


Name Code Organism CDS NT Pep
Assembly of combined GOS samples (contigs). This dataset contains all contigs in NCBI Genbank data set AACY020000000. Scaffolds of data set AACY020000000 can be found in assembly JCVI_ASM_feb03_2005_combined_gos, 'Assembly of combined GOS samples (scaffolds)'. CAM_ASM_GOS_CTG Pseodo sample for the assembly of combined GOS sample      
Assembly of GOS sample GS000a JCVI_ASM_feb03_2005_GS-00a GS000a      
Assembly of GOS sample GS000b JCVI_ASM_feb03_2005_GS-00b GS000b      
Assembly of GOS sample GS000c JCVI_ASM_feb03_2005_GS-00c GS000c      
Assembly of GOS sample GS000d JCVI_ASM_feb03_2005_GS-00d GS000d      
Assembly of GOS sample GS001a JCVI_ASM_feb03_2005_GS-01a GS001a      
Assembly of GOS sample GS001b JCVI_ASM_feb03_2005_GS-01b GS001b      
Assembly of GOS sample GS001c JCVI_ASM_feb03_2005_GS-01c GS001c      
Assembly of GOS sample GS002 JCVI_ASM_feb03_2005_GS-02 GS002      
Assembly of GOS sample GS003 JCVI_ASM_feb03_2005_GS-03 GS003      
Assembly of GOS sample GS004 JCVI_ASM_feb03_2005_GS-04 GS004      
Assembly of GOS sample GS005 JCVI_ASM_feb03_2005_GS-05 GS005      
Assembly of GOS sample GS006 JCVI_ASM_feb03_2005_GS-06 GS006      
Assembly of GOS sample GS007 JCVI_ASM_feb03_2005_GS-07 GS007      
Assembly of GOS sample GS008 JCVI_ASM_feb03_2005_GS-08 GS008      
Assembly of GOS sample GS009 JCVI_ASM_feb03_2005_GS-09 GS009      
Assembly of GOS sample GS010 JCVI_ASM_feb03_2005_GS-10 GS010      
Assembly of GOS sample GS011 JCVI_ASM_feb03_2005_GS-11 GS011      
Assembly of GOS sample GS012 JCVI_ASM_feb03_2005_GS-12 GS012      
Assembly of GOS sample GS013 JCVI_ASM_feb03_2005_GS-13 GS013      
Assembly of GOS sample GS014 JCVI_ASM_feb03_2005_GS-14 GS014      
Assembly of GOS sample GS015 JCVI_ASM_feb03_2005_GS-15 GS015      
Assembly of GOS sample GS016 JCVI_ASM_feb03_2005_GS-16 GS016      
Assembly of GOS sample GS017 JCVI_ASM_feb03_2005_GS-17 GS017      
Assembly of GOS sample GS018 JCVI_ASM_feb03_2005_GS-18 GS018      
Assembly of GOS sample GS019 JCVI_ASM_feb03_2005_GS-19 GS019      
Assembly of GOS sample GS020 JCVI_ASM_feb03_2005_GS-20 GS020      
Assembly of GOS sample GS021 JCVI_ASM_feb03_2005_GS-21 GS021      
Assembly of GOS sample GS022 JCVI_ASM_feb03_2005_GS-22 GS022      
Assembly of GOS sample GS023 JCVI_ASM_feb03_2005_GS-23 GS023      
Assembly of GOS sample GS025 JCVI_ASM_feb03_2005_GS-25 GS025      
Assembly of GOS sample GS026 JCVI_ASM_feb03_2005_GS-26 GS026      
Assembly of GOS sample GS027 JCVI_ASM_feb03_2005_GS-27 GS027      
Assembly of GOS sample GS028 JCVI_ASM_feb03_2005_GS-28 GS028      
Assembly of GOS sample GS029 JCVI_ASM_feb03_2005_GS-29 GS029      
Assembly of GOS sample GS030 JCVI_ASM_feb03_2005_GS-30 GS030      
Assembly of GOS sample GS031 JCVI_ASM_feb03_2005_GS-31 GS031      
Assembly of GOS sample GS032 JCVI_ASM_feb03_2005_GS-32 GS032      
Assembly of GOS sample GS033 JCVI_ASM_feb03_2005_GS-33 GS033      
Assembly of GOS sample GS034 JCVI_ASM_feb03_2005_GS-34 GS034      
Assembly of GOS sample GS035 JCVI_ASM_feb03_2005_GS-35 GS035      
Assembly of GOS sample GS036 JCVI_ASM_feb03_2005_GS-36 GS036      
Assembly of GOS sample GS037 JCVI_ASM_feb03_2005_GS-37 GS037      
Assembly of GOS sample GS038 JCVI_ASM_feb03_2005_GS-38 GS038      
Assembly of GOS sample GS039 JCVI_ASM_feb03_2005_GS-39 GS039      
Assembly of GOS sample GS040 JCVI_ASM_feb03_2005_GS-40 GS040      
Assembly of GOS sample GS041 JCVI_ASM_feb03_2005_GS-41 GS041      
Assembly of GOS sample GS042 JCVI_ASM_feb03_2005_GS-42 GS042      
Assembly of GOS sample GS043 JCVI_ASM_feb03_2005_GS-43 GS043      
Assembly of GOS sample GS044 JCVI_ASM_feb03_2005_GS-44 GS044      
Assembly of GOS sample GS045 JCVI_ASM_feb03_2005_GS-45 GS045      
Assembly of GOS sample GS046 JCVI_ASM_feb03_2005_GS-46 GS046      
Assembly of GOS sample GS047 JCVI_ASM_feb03_2005_GS-47 GS047      
Assembly of GOS sample GS048 JCVI_ASM_feb03_2005_GS-48 GS048a      
Assembly of GOS sample GS049 JCVI_ASM_feb03_2005_GS-49 GS049      
Assembly of GOS sample GS050 JCVI_ASM_feb03_2005_GS-50 GS050      
Assembly of GOS sample GS051 JCVI_ASM_feb03_2005_GS-51 GS051      
Assembly of combined GOS samples (scaffolds). This data set contains all scaffolds in the NCBI Genbank dataset NCBI Genbank data set AACY020000000. Contigs of data set AACY020000000 can be found in assembly CAM_ASM_GOS_CTG, 'Assembly of combined GOS samples (contigs)'. JCVI_ASM_feb03_2005_combined_gos Pseodo sample for the assembly of combined GOS sample      
Assembly of GOS sample MOVE858 JCVI_ASM_jun07_2005_MOVE858 MOVE858      


Sample Name PI Desc
Pseodo sample for the assembly of combined GOS sample NA
GS108 NA GS108
GS112 NA GS112
GS000a NA GS000a - Sargasso Stations 11 & 13
GS000b NA GS000b - Sargasso Stations 11 & 13
GS000c NA GS000c - Sargasso Station 3
GS000d NA GS000d - Sargasso Station 13
GS001a NA GS001a - Hydrostation S
GS001b NA GS001b - Hydrostation S
GS001c NA GS001c - Hydrostation S
GS002 NA GS002 - Gulf of Maine
GS003 NA GS003 - Browns Bank, Gulf of Maine
GS004 NA GS004 - Outside Halifax, Nova Scotia
GS005 NA GS005 - Bedford Basin, Nova Scotia
GS006 NA GS006 - Bay of Fundy, Nova Scotia
GS007 NA GS007 - Northern Gulf of Maine
GS008 NA GS008 - Newport Harbor, RI
GS009 NA GS009 - Block Island, NY
GS010 NA GS010 - Cape May, NJ
GS011 NA GS011 - Delaware Bay, NJ
GS012 NA GS012 - Chesapeake Bay, MD
GS013 NA GS013 - Off Nags Head, NC
GS014 NA GS014 - South of Charleston, SC
GS015 NA GS015 - Off Key West, FL
GS016 NA GS016 - Gulf of Mexico
GS017 NA GS017 - Yucatan Channel
GS018 NA GS018 - Rosario Bank
GS019 NA GS019 - Northeast of Colon
GS020 NA GS020 - Lake Gatun
GS021 NA GS021 - Gulf of Panama
GS022 NA GS022 - 250 miles from Panama City
GS023 NA GS023 - 30 miles from Cocos Island
GS025 NA GS025 - Dirty Rock, Cocos Island
GS026 NA GS026 - 134 miles NE of Galapagos
GS027 NA GS027 - Devil's Crown, Floreana Island
GS028 NA GS028 - Coastal Floreana
GS029 NA GS029 - North James Bay, Santigo Island
GS030 NA GS030 - Warm seep, Roca Redonda
GS031 NA GS031 - Upwelling, Fernandina Island
GS032 NA GS032 - Mangrove on Isabella Island
GS033 NA GS033 - Punta Cormorant, Floreana Island (Hypersaline Lagoon)
GS034 NA GS034 - North Seamore Island
GS035 NA GS035 - Wolf Island
GS036 NA GS036 - Cabo Marshall, Isabella Island
GS037 NA GS037 - Equatorial Pacific TAO Buoy
GS038 NA GS038 - Tropical South Pacific
GS039 NA GS039 - Tropical South Pacific
GS040 NA GS040 - Tropical South Pacific
GS041 NA GS041 - Tropical South Pacific
GS042 NA GS042 - Tropical South Pacific
GS043 NA GS043 - Tropical South Pacific
GS044 NA GS044 - 600 miles from F. Polynesia
GS045 NA GS045 - 400 miles from F. Polynesia
GS046 NA GS046 - 300 miles from F. Polynesia
GS047 NA GS047 - 201 miles from F. Polynesia
GS048a NA GS048a - Moorea, Cooks Bay
GS049 NA GS049 - Moorea, Outside Cooks Bay
GS050 NA GS050 - Tikehau Lagoon
GS051 NA GS051 - Rangirora Atoll
MOVE858 NA MOVE858 - Chesapeake Bay, MD
GS048b NA GS048b - Inside Cook's Bay, Moorea, French Polynesia
GS108a NA GS108a - Coccos Keeling , Inside Lagoon
GS108b NA GS108b - Coccos Keeling , Inside Lagoon
GS109 NA GS109 - Indian Ocean
GS110a NA GS110a - Indian Ocean
GS110b NA GS110b - Indian Ocean
GS111 NA GS111 - Indian Ocean
GS112a NA GS112a - Indian Ocean
GS112b NA GS112b - Indian Ocean
GS113 NA GS113 - Indian Ocean
GS114 NA GS114 - 500 Miles west of the Seychelles in the Indian Ocean
GS115 NA GS115 - Indian Ocean
GS116 NA GS116 - Outside Seychelles, Indian Ocean
GS117a NA GS117a - St. Anne Island, Seychelles
GS117b NA GS117b - St. Anne Island, Seychelles
GS119 NA GS119 - International Water Outside of Reunion Island
GS120 NA GS120 - Madagascar Waters
GS121 NA GS121 - International water between Madagascar and South Africa
GS122a NA GS122a - International waters between Madagascar and South Africa
GS122b NA GS122b - International waters between Madagascar and South Africa
GS123 NA GS123 - International water between Madagascar and South Africa
GS148 NA GS148 - East coast Zanzibar (Tanzania), offshore Paje lagoon
GS149 NA GS149 - West coast Zanzibar (Tanzania), harbour region


Type Location
Meta  /iplant/home/shared/imicrobe/projects/26/CAM_PROJ_GOS.csv
Meta  /iplant/home/shared/imicrobe/projects/26/sample-attr.tab
Read Peptide  /iplant/home/shared/imicrobe/projects/26/CAM_PROJ_GOS.read_pep.fa
Reads  /iplant/home/shared/imicrobe/projects/26/CAM_PROJ_GOS.read.fa
Assembly  /iplant/home/shared/imicrobe/projects/26/CAM_PROJ_GOS.asm.fa
Reads  /iplant/home/shared/imicrobe/projects/26/samples/578/CAM_SMPL_GS108.fa
Reads  /iplant/home/shared/imicrobe/projects/26/samples/579/CAM_SMPL_GS112.fa
Reads  /iplant/home/shared/imicrobe/projects/26/samples/580/JCVI_SMPL_1103283000001.fa
Reads  /iplant/home/shared/imicrobe/projects/26/samples/581/JCVI_SMPL_1103283000002.fa
Reads  /iplant/home/shared/imicrobe/projects/26/samples/582/JCVI_SMPL_1103283000003.fa
Reads  /iplant/home/shared/imicrobe/projects/26/samples/583/JCVI_SMPL_1103283000004.fa
Reads  /iplant/home/shared/imicrobe/projects/26/samples/584/JCVI_SMPL_1103283000005.fa
Reads  /iplant/home/shared/imicrobe/projects/26/samples/585/JCVI_SMPL_1103283000006.fa
Reads  /iplant/home/shared/imicrobe/projects/26/samples/586/JCVI_SMPL_1103283000007.fa
Reads  /iplant/home/shared/imicrobe/projects/26/samples/587/JCVI_SMPL_1103283000008.fa
Reads  /iplant/home/shared/imicrobe/projects/26/samples/588/JCVI_SMPL_1103283000009.fa
Reads  /iplant/home/shared/imicrobe/projects/26/samples/589/JCVI_SMPL_1103283000010.fa
Reads  /iplant/home/shared/imicrobe/projects/26/samples/590/JCVI_SMPL_1103283000011.fa
Reads  /iplant/home/shared/imicrobe/projects/26/samples/591/JCVI_SMPL_1103283000012.fa
Reads  /iplant/home/shared/imicrobe/projects/26/samples/592/JCVI_SMPL_1103283000013.fa
Reads  /iplant/home/shared/imicrobe/projects/26/samples/593/JCVI_SMPL_1103283000014.fa
Reads  /iplant/home/shared/imicrobe/projects/26/samples/594/JCVI_SMPL_1103283000015.fa
Reads  /iplant/home/shared/imicrobe/projects/26/samples/595/JCVI_SMPL_1103283000016.fa
Reads  /iplant/home/shared/imicrobe/projects/26/samples/596/JCVI_SMPL_1103283000017.fa
Reads  /iplant/home/shared/imicrobe/projects/26/samples/597/JCVI_SMPL_1103283000018.fa
Reads  /iplant/home/shared/imicrobe/projects/26/samples/598/JCVI_SMPL_1103283000019.fa
Reads  /iplant/home/shared/imicrobe/projects/26/samples/599/JCVI_SMPL_1103283000020.fa
Reads  /iplant/home/shared/imicrobe/projects/26/samples/600/JCVI_SMPL_1103283000021.fa
Reads  /iplant/home/shared/imicrobe/projects/26/samples/601/JCVI_SMPL_1103283000022.fa
Reads  /iplant/home/shared/imicrobe/projects/26/samples/602/JCVI_SMPL_1103283000023.fa
Reads  /iplant/home/shared/imicrobe/projects/26/samples/603/JCVI_SMPL_1103283000024.fa
Reads  /iplant/home/shared/imicrobe/projects/26/samples/604/JCVI_SMPL_1103283000025.fa
Reads  /iplant/home/shared/imicrobe/projects/26/samples/605/JCVI_SMPL_1103283000026.fa
Reads  /iplant/home/shared/imicrobe/projects/26/samples/606/JCVI_SMPL_1103283000027.fa
Reads  /iplant/home/shared/imicrobe/projects/26/samples/607/JCVI_SMPL_1103283000028.fa
Reads  /iplant/home/shared/imicrobe/projects/26/samples/608/JCVI_SMPL_1103283000029.fa
Reads  /iplant/home/shared/imicrobe/projects/26/samples/609/JCVI_SMPL_1103283000030.fa
Reads  /iplant/home/shared/imicrobe/projects/26/samples/610/JCVI_SMPL_1103283000031.fa
Reads  /iplant/home/shared/imicrobe/projects/26/samples/611/JCVI_SMPL_1103283000032.fa
Reads  /iplant/home/shared/imicrobe/projects/26/samples/612/JCVI_SMPL_1103283000033.fa
Reads  /iplant/home/shared/imicrobe/projects/26/samples/613/JCVI_SMPL_1103283000034.fa
Reads  /iplant/home/shared/imicrobe/projects/26/samples/614/JCVI_SMPL_1103283000035.fa
Reads  /iplant/home/shared/imicrobe/projects/26/samples/615/JCVI_SMPL_1103283000036.fa
Reads  /iplant/home/shared/imicrobe/projects/26/samples/616/JCVI_SMPL_1103283000037.fa
Reads  /iplant/home/shared/imicrobe/projects/26/samples/617/JCVI_SMPL_1103283000038.fa
Reads  /iplant/home/shared/imicrobe/projects/26/samples/618/JCVI_SMPL_1103283000039.fa
Reads  /iplant/home/shared/imicrobe/projects/26/samples/619/JCVI_SMPL_1103283000040.fa
Reads  /iplant/home/shared/imicrobe/projects/26/samples/620/JCVI_SMPL_1103283000041.fa
Reads  /iplant/home/shared/imicrobe/projects/26/samples/621/JCVI_SMPL_1103283000042.fa
Reads  /iplant/home/shared/imicrobe/projects/26/samples/622/JCVI_SMPL_1103283000043.fa
Reads  /iplant/home/shared/imicrobe/projects/26/samples/623/JCVI_SMPL_1103283000044.fa
Reads  /iplant/home/shared/imicrobe/projects/26/samples/624/JCVI_SMPL_1103283000045.fa
Reads  /iplant/home/shared/imicrobe/projects/26/samples/625/JCVI_SMPL_1103283000046.fa
Reads  /iplant/home/shared/imicrobe/projects/26/samples/626/JCVI_SMPL_1103283000047.fa
Reads  /iplant/home/shared/imicrobe/projects/26/samples/627/JCVI_SMPL_1103283000048.fa
Reads  /iplant/home/shared/imicrobe/projects/26/samples/628/JCVI_SMPL_1103283000049.fa
Reads  /iplant/home/shared/imicrobe/projects/26/samples/629/JCVI_SMPL_1103283000050.fa
Reads  /iplant/home/shared/imicrobe/projects/26/samples/630/JCVI_SMPL_1103283000051.fa
Reads  /iplant/home/shared/imicrobe/projects/26/samples/631/JCVI_SMPL_1103283000052.fa
Reads  /iplant/home/shared/imicrobe/projects/26/samples/632/JCVI_SMPL_1103283000053.fa
Reads  /iplant/home/shared/imicrobe/projects/26/samples/633/JCVI_SMPL_1103283000054.fa
Reads  /iplant/home/shared/imicrobe/projects/26/samples/634/JCVI_SMPL_1103283000055.fa
Reads  /iplant/home/shared/imicrobe/projects/26/samples/635/JCVI_SMPL_1103283000056.fa
Reads  /iplant/home/shared/imicrobe/projects/26/samples/636/JCVI_SMPL_1103283000058.fa
Reads  /iplant/home/shared/imicrobe/projects/26/samples/637/JCVI_SMPL_GS048b.fa
Reads  /iplant/home/shared/imicrobe/projects/26/samples/638/JCVI_SMPL_GS108a.fa
Reads  /iplant/home/shared/imicrobe/projects/26/samples/639/JCVI_SMPL_GS108b.fa
Reads  /iplant/home/shared/imicrobe/projects/26/samples/640/JCVI_SMPL_GS109.fa
Reads  /iplant/home/shared/imicrobe/projects/26/samples/641/JCVI_SMPL_GS110a.fa
Reads  /iplant/home/shared/imicrobe/projects/26/samples/642/JCVI_SMPL_GS110b.fa
Reads  /iplant/home/shared/imicrobe/projects/26/samples/643/JCVI_SMPL_GS111.fa
Reads  /iplant/home/shared/imicrobe/projects/26/samples/644/JCVI_SMPL_GS112a.fa
Reads  /iplant/home/shared/imicrobe/projects/26/samples/645/JCVI_SMPL_GS112b.fa
Reads  /iplant/home/shared/imicrobe/projects/26/samples/646/JCVI_SMPL_GS113.fa
Reads  /iplant/home/shared/imicrobe/projects/26/samples/647/JCVI_SMPL_GS114.fa
Reads  /iplant/home/shared/imicrobe/projects/26/samples/648/JCVI_SMPL_GS115.fa
Reads  /iplant/home/shared/imicrobe/projects/26/samples/649/JCVI_SMPL_GS116.fa
Reads  /iplant/home/shared/imicrobe/projects/26/samples/650/JCVI_SMPL_GS117a.fa
Reads  /iplant/home/shared/imicrobe/projects/26/samples/651/JCVI_SMPL_GS117b.fa
Reads  /iplant/home/shared/imicrobe/projects/26/samples/652/JCVI_SMPL_GS119.fa
Reads  /iplant/home/shared/imicrobe/projects/26/samples/653/JCVI_SMPL_GS120.fa
Reads  /iplant/home/shared/imicrobe/projects/26/samples/654/JCVI_SMPL_GS121.fa
Reads  /iplant/home/shared/imicrobe/projects/26/samples/655/JCVI_SMPL_GS122a.fa
Reads  /iplant/home/shared/imicrobe/projects/26/samples/656/JCVI_SMPL_GS122b.fa
Reads  /iplant/home/shared/imicrobe/projects/26/samples/657/JCVI_SMPL_GS123.fa
Reads  /iplant/home/shared/imicrobe/projects/26/samples/658/JCVI_SMPL_GS148.fa
Reads  /iplant/home/shared/imicrobe/projects/26/samples/659/JCVI_SMPL_GS149.fa